MARKAL/TIMES, a model to support greenhouse gas reduction policies
sponsor Belgian Prime Minister's Office, Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs (OSTC-DWTC-SSTC)
timing 01/2002 - 12/2005
Bullet  Vlaams Instituut voor Technologische Ontwikkeling VITO
Bullet  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, werkgroep Energy, Transport and Environment ETE
coordinator network Prof. dr. Stef Proost (K.U.Leuven-CES-ETE)
contact ETE Denise Van Regemorter
short description research network The goal of this project is both to develop the MARKAL/TIMES model and to make it available for policy advice on climate change policies, as has been done successfully for the last two years. TIMES, which is the new generation of the MARKAL family, follows the same paradigm as MARKAL. It is a generic, dynamic optimization model that represents all energy demand and supply activities and technologies for a country with a horizon of up to 50/60 years.

The resources of this project are distributed between model development and maintenance on one side and policy support on the other side. The model development is concentrated on the integration of the international dimension within MARKAL/TIMES, because the international aspects are becoming increasingly important for energy and environmental policies in Belgium. The other two elements are the conversion of MARKAL to TIMES and the implementation of a refinery module. The model maintenance resources are devoted to the continuous upgrading and extension of the technological database, inclusive abatement cost function for activities not explicitly included in the model. This database is the cornerstone of a model like MARKAL/TIMES, it contains a few hundred existing and future energy technologies. The policy support will concern mainly the climate change policy in Belgium as MARKAL/TIMES is well suited to evaluate the global impact of policies taking into account the full interaction within the energy sector. It can e.g. determine which GHG emission targets Belgium can achieve in the long term (after Kyoto), at what the cost and how to achieve these targets in Belgium and abroad.

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